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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 129-133

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in pregnancy: Our experiences at a tertiary care teaching hospital of Eastern India


Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Santosh Kumar Swain
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, K8, Kalinga Nagar, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mj.mj_16_22

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Background: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common clinical condition characterized by sudden, brief paroxysmal attacks of rotation vertigo occurred by changing the head position. BPPV is the most common peripheral vestibular pathology and is found frequently in females. There are very limited data on the association between BPPV and pregnancy. Objective: The objective of this study was to study the BPPV during pregnancy along with details of clinical manifestations and management. Patients and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study where pregnant women with BPPV were enrolled. The study was conducted between April 2020 and May 2022. Detailed neurological examinations were done at the vertigo clinic. Results: There were seven cases of BPPV associated with pregnancy in this study. The most common symptom was rotatory vertigo. All were diagnosed with the Dix–Hallpike test. All underwent Epley maneuver and symptoms resolved. Out of seven cases, two showed low 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. Conclusion: Vertigo is a morbid symptom during pregnancy that affects both pregnant women and fetal status. To improve the quality of life during gestation, clinicians should consider this BPPV as an important clinical entity in their differential diagnosis of vertigo.


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