• Users Online: 398
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 104-110

Management of acute invasive fungal sinusitis


Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Santosh Kumar Swain
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, K8, Kalinga Nagar, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mj.mj_42_22

Rights and Permissions

Acute invasive fungal sinusitis (AIFS) is an uncommon and usually life-threatening clinical condition. Mortality in AIFS is very high. The colonization of the fungi at the sinonasal tract does not indicate the infection. The status of the immune condition of the patient plays an integral part in different manifestations of AIFS. AISF is an aggressive type of fungal infection and often leads to a fatal situation, particularly in patients who are immunocompromised. Diagnostic nasal endoscopy, as well as a computed tomography scan, is warranted in these patients. Magnetic resonance imaging improves diagnostic accuracy and assesses the spread of the disease into orbit and the brain. Histopathological and microbiological examinations confirm the diagnosis. To save lives, early diagnosis and treatment are essential. Therefore, clinicians need to have a high level of suspicion for this illness. Management of AIFS requires a multidisciplinary approach with significant predictors of survival being surgical debridement and antifungal treatment. Patients require urgent hospitalizations with intravenous antifungal therapy and surgical debridement. As soon as AIFS is identified, antifungal medication should begin. Higher survival rates are achieved with complete endoscopic resection of the disease than with incomplete resection. Liposomal amphotericin B has a more favorable outcome and fewer side effects than amphotericin B. The mainstays of AIFS management continue to be early surgical debridement and antifungal treatment. This review article discusses the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical features, investigations, and current treatment options of AIFS.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed190    
    Printed4    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded31    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal