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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-9

Trends of under-five mortality in Nineveh (2004–2013): A time series analysis

Department of Community and Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Najlaa Ibrahim Mahmood Al-Sammak
Department of Community and Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Mosul University, Mosul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJ.MJ_33_18

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Context: Under-five mortality rate (U5MR) is the number of deaths since birth up to 5 years of age in a specific year divided by the number of live birth (LB) of the same year × 1000. It is a key indicator of child well-being including health and nutrition status, coverage of child survival interventions, and more broadly of social and economic development. Aim: The aim is to study U5MR and their cause trends in Nineveh Governorate for 10 years (2004–2013). Methodology: Design of the Study: This was a biometric (descriptive) study design. Sample of the Study: Under-five deaths plus LBs for the years 2004–2013 were taken. Research Settings: This study was carried out in Nineveh Governorate/Northwest of Iraq. Data Sources: The data were taken from vital registration system and death certificates. Outcome Measures: Various rates and proportions in addition to Chi-squared test for trend. Results: <5 MR varied from 17.83 in 2004 to 20.28/1000 LB in 2013 being worst in 2007 (26.28/1000LB) most of these deaths were among males. The main causes were respiratory distress syndrome, sepsis, congenital anomalies, infections, pneumonia, and accidents. Conclusions: About 20 children died every year for each of 1000 LBs before reaching their 5th birthday.

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